بررسی عوامل تاثیرگذار بر تداوم ارتباط صادراتی شرکت‌های ایرانی صادر کننده دارو

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشنا‌سی‌ارشد مدیریت بازرگانی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه مدیریت دولتی، واحد چالوس، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، چالوس، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: ایران  باوجود برخورداری از توانمندی‌هایی در زمینه دارو، سهم کمی‌از بازارهای بین‌المللی را در اختیار دارد و با توجه به اهمیت صادرات در اقتصاد یک کشور،  هدف از این مطالعه بررسی عوامل تاثیرگذار بر تداوم ارتباط صادراتی شرکت‌های ایرانی صادرکننده دارو از قبیل جهت‌گیری استراتژیک، علمکرد صادراتی، رضایت از صادرات و کیفیت رابطه صادرات می‌باشد.
روش پژوهش: بدین منظور بر اساس سه مدل اسکالراد 2015؛ لیو و فو 2011 و تئدوسو و همکاران 2012 به جمع‌آوری نظرات مدیران و کارشناسان بخش بازرگانی و صادرات شرکت‌هایی دارویی پرداخته که در کل 202 پرسش نامه برای تحلیل جمع‌آوری شد. برای سنجش روایی از تحلیل عاملی تاییدی و AVE و برای پایایی از آلفای کرونباخ و پایایی ترکیبی استفاده شد که نتایج نشان از تایید دارد.
یافته‌ها: یافته‌های این مطالعه با مدل‌یابی معادلات ساختاری به کمک نرم‌افزار اسمارت پی ال اس نشان از تاثیر کیفیت رابطه بر عملکرد مالی (0/166) دارد. در این میان بالاترین تاثیر را رضایت صادر کننده بر انتظار از تداوم ارتباط واردات و صادرات با مقدار 0/174 و در حالی که کمترین تاثیر نیز جهت‌گیری استراتژیک بر عملکرد مالی صادرات با 0/085 دارد.
نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج نشان می‌دهد در شرکت‌های ایرانی صادرکننده دارو ، جهت‌‌گیری استراتژیک از طریق عملکرد صادراتی( مالی – استراتژیکی) و رضایت از صادرات بر انتظار از تداوم ارتباط تاثیر دارد. این نتایج می‌تواند در توسعه صادرات دارو به مدیران این صنعت کمک شایان توجهی نمایید. 

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