ارتباط تاب‌آوری با تعهد حرفه‌ای در پرستاران بخش‌های ویژه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی، گروه هوشبری، دانشکده پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اراک، اراک، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد پرستاری، مرکز تحقیقات پرستاری و مامایی شرق کشور، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بیرجند، بیرجند، ایران

3 مربی، گروه هوشبری، دانشکده پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اراک،

4 مربی، گروه پرستاری داخلی جراحی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، مرکز تحقیقات پرستاری و مامایی شرق کشور، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بیرجند، بیرجند، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: پرستاران بخش‌های ویژه با عوامل تنش‌زای فراوانی روبرو هستند. یکی از مهم‌ترین توانایی‌های انسان که در شرایط سخت و فشارهای روانی، باعث سازگاری مؤثر با عوامل تنش زا شده تاب‌آوری می‌باشد. این ویژگی در پرستاران می‌تواند به بهبود میزان تعهد حرفه­ای آنان کمک کند. بنابراین این مطالعه با هدف ارتباط تاب آوری با تعهد حرفه ای در پرستاران بخش های ویژه انجام شد.
روش پژوهش: در این مطالعه توصیفی – تحلیلی 200 نفر از پرستاران شاغل در بخش‌های ویژه بیمارستان‌های آموزشی وابسته به دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بیرجند در سطح استان خراسان جنوبی به روش سرشماری در سال 1397 وارد مطالعه شدند. جهت جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه تاب آوری (CD-RISC) و پرسشنامه تعهد حرفه‌ای NPCS)) استفاده شد. از آمار توصیفی و استنباطی (من ویتنی و کروسکال والیس) جهت تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها در SPSS نسخه 16 استفاده شد.
یافته ها: اکثر پرستاران میزان تعهد حرفه‌‌ای را زیاد (76 درصد) و میزان تاب آوری را متوسط (70 درصد) گزارش کردند. هم‌چنین بین تاب‌آوری و تعهد حرفه‌ای ارتباط مثبت و معنی‌داری مشاهده شد(r=0/22و0/001=p).
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به ارتباط مثبت و معنی‌دار بین تاب‌آوری و تعهد حرفه‌ای، آموزش‌ راهکارهای تقویت تاب‌آوری در برنامه آموزشی پرستاران و هم‌چنین دانشجویان پرستاری توصیه می‌شود. تا بدین طریق بتوان میزان تعهد حرفه‌ای در میان آنان را افزایش داد؛ در نتیجه بتوان یکی از بزرگترین چالش‌های حرفه پرستاری که کمبود نیروی پرستار می‌باشد را بهبود بخشیم.

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